To provide quality care to the patient for a period of time, nurses need a script that guides their actions and quantifies the desired results.As a registered nurse, You will be responsible for creating a care plan based on each patient's needs and health objectives.Care planeIt is a formal process that includes six components: evaluation, diagnosis, expected results, interventions, justification and evaluation ((Helen Ballantyne, "Development of Nursing Care Plans",Nursing standardFebruary 24, 2016:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26907149/))Documenting these steps ensures effective communication betweenDoctors, nurses and other health professionals in various shifts.
The interventions are a -chave element of the nursing care plan.This guide explores nursing interventions and its role in patient care.
Program your nursing career
What are nursing interventions?
Nursing interventions are actions that a nurse takes to implement her patient care plan, including treatments, procedures or moments of teaching, with the objective of improving patient comfort and health (((((Nursing intervention.(N.D.) Medical Dictionary.(2009).Consulted on April 22, 2021,https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/nursing+intervention))
These actions can be as simple as adjusting the patient's bed and rest position, or as involved as psychotherapy and crisis advice.While some nursing interventions are orders of doctors, doctors,practicing nurseYou can also develop orders using principles ofEvidence is based on practice.Common nursing interventions include:
- Care and assistance by the bed
- Medicine Administration
- Post -part support
- Food assistance
- Vital progress of monitoring and recovery
Nursing Intervention Categories
(RN speaks, "Nursing Interventions: The Nucleus of the Nursing Process", September 3, 2020,https://rnspeak.com/intervenciones-de-enfermeria/))
Nursing interventions are grouped into three categories according to the role of the health professional involved in patient care:
- Independent: A nurse can perform independent interventions on their own without the help of another medical personnel;For example, routine nursing tasks such as checking vital signs.
- Dependent: Some actions require instructions or contributions from a doctor, such as prescribing new medicines.A nurse cannot start dependent interventions.
- interrelated: Collaborative or interdependent interventions involve team members in all disciplines.Treatment by aphysiotherapistoOccupational therapist.
The role of evaluations
Nursing assessment is the first step in the nursing care plan.During the evaluation process, doctors and nurses can ask questions and perform tests to obtain patient health and status information.Professionals collect patient information:
- Vital signs
- Complaints or physical concerns
- External body conditions
- Medical history
- Current neurological functioning
After collecting all essential information during the evaluation process, the nurse can use clinical judgment to formulate a nursing diagnostic list. According to the evaluation and diagnosis, the nurse may develop an assistance plan that describes which interventions include.(NIH, National Library of Medicine, "Nursing Evaluation and Admission Exam", September 2, 2020,https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493211/))For example, the nursing diagnostic list may conclude that the patient lacks appetite due to pain after surgery.From this medical diagnosis, the nurse can set goals to resolve the patient's pain through actions such as managing medications to accommodate pain and evaluate patient pain levels every few hours.
Nursing Interventions Classification System
There are several types of nursing interventions designed to meet the variety of patient's medical needs and conditions.The Nursing Intervent Classification System (NIC) classifies a wide range of possible treatments that a nurse can perform.The bookClassification of Nursing Interventions (NIC), 7th ed.Evaluate this system by defining more than 550 nursing interventions from which a nurse can choose.
NicClassify nursing interventions in seven domains: (NIH, National Library of Medicine, "NIC (Nursing Interventions Classification) - Synopsis", 2007, 2007,https://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/sourcereleasedocs/current/NIC/index.html))
1. Family nursing interventions
((Eustace, R. W., Gray, B. and Curry, D.M. (2015). The meaning of family nursing intervention: What do acute care nurses think?Research and theory for nursing practice, Like this,29(2), 125-142.https://doi.org/10.1891/1541-6522.214.171.124))
Family nursing interventions are those that address not only the patient but also to other family members.They may suggest the education of family members about patient care;Or, in the case of new mothers, interventions may consist of instruction and assistance with breastfeeding and other forms of child care.
2. Behavioral nursing interventions
This category includes actions that a nurse takes to help his patient change behavior or unhealthy habit;For example, suggesting methods of physical and emotional confrontation for a patient who wants to quit smoking.
3. Physiological nursing interventions (basic)
Basic interventions on the patient's physical health include practical procedures that vary from food to hygiene care.
4. Physiological nursing interventions (complex)
Some physiological nursing interventions are more complex, such as the insertion of an IV line to administer liquids to a dehydrated patient.
5. Community nursing interventions
Some hospitals and clinics focus onpublic healthInitiatives to educate patients, their families and local communities.These community nursing interventions are organized efforts that encourage health and overall well-being.For example, many clinics and pharmacies are currently managing the Covid-19 vaccine offers a free diabetes education program or organize a fun career to raise money for breast cancer research.
6. Security Nursing Interventions
After surgery, patients need education in safety procedures and protocols to avoid injury.These security interventions may include instructions to use a walker or cane or how to take a bath safely.
7. Health System Interventions
In turn, nurses take the initiative to ensure that the patient's environment is safe and comfortable, such as repositioning them to avoid pressure ulcers.These routine procedures are classified as health system interventions.
Although a nurse cannot use all types of intervention every day, each is an essential form of attention needed to maintain the patient's physical, emotional and mental scopehedesired result.
Main nursing interventions to make each shift
(In home care, "Nursing Interventions for Home Care", December 26, 2019:https://www.inhomecare.com/what-is-nursing-intervention-guide-to-nurse-interventions/))
Nurses in service routinely perform certain nursing interventions as part of their daily tasks.In addition to educating the patient about their care and recovery progression, nurses usually perform the following in each shift:
- Pain control: Ensure that the patient feels comfortable and monitoring their consumption of pain medications, if applicable
- Changes in position: Promote a change in the patient's rest position to avoid shirts
- Active listening: Listen to the patient and repeat the information to feel heard
- Group care: Enter other nurses and members of the patient's needs team each turn to help consolidate trips and avoid frequent traffic in the patient's room
- Fall Prevention: Educate the patient, usually someone who isGeezeror recover after surgery, instructions to avoid the risk of falling and injury
- Adequate oral intake: Promote oral fluid consumption for patients who currently receive liquid through IVs as a means of reducing and suspending use IV
Create a safe environment, promote good health practices and listen carefully to patients are daily nursing interventions that will function and improve throughout their career as a nurse.If you aspire to aNursing leadershippaper, like aNursing, Like this,Nursing manageroexecutive, eventually it can supervise and plans care strategies for hundreds of patients.With an advanced career inNursing, can lead initiatives to improve the quality of care and make impacts last and positive on patients' lives.
The University of San Agustín for Health Sciences (USAHS) offers aMaster in Nursing Sciences(MSN) Program, aDoctor in Nursing Practice(DNP) program isPostgraduate Nursing CertificatesDesigned for working nurses.Our titles are offered online, with optional dives in campus* (currently postponed due to COVID-19).Function specialties include Family Nurse Practice (FNP), nursing educator ** and nurses executive.MSN has several options to speed up your time to complete the diploma, allowing you to complete courses when you want and get your advanced nursing title, keeping your work and life in balance.
*The specialty of the role of the FNP Includes two practical clinics necessary as part of the curriculum.
** Nursing function specialty is not available for the DNP program.